Breast Cancer Awareness Ribbon: Photo credits: Pexels.

Breast cancer- A cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts.
It is the most invasive cancer in women and second main cause of cancer death in women after lung cancer.

In cancer , body’s cells multiply uncontrollably. Excessive cell growth causes cancer.
At adolescence, a woman’s breast consists of fat, connective tissue and thousands of lobules, tiny glands that produce milk for breast feeding.
Breast cancer can affects men too.

The feel of a breast lump depends on its cause, location and  nature of growth. It can be painful, painless, hard, soft, movable or mobile. According to Breast lumps are most likely to be cancerous if they are painless, hard, unevenly shaped and immobile.
Many breast lumps are not cancerous but any woman who is concerned about a lump / change should see a doctor for checkup.

What are the risk factors ?
*Lifestyle factors e.g. Alcohol intake.
*A history of breast cancer.
*Dense breast tissue.

Do you think because you are young nothing can happen?

Awareness of symptoms and need for screening are important ways of reducing the risk.
You could be as young as you are but still suffer breast cancer or any form of breast tumor. All I can say is that it is very essential for all ladies to examine themselves anytime they can to be able to find out any form of lumps as early as the start to develop.

How do i examine myself?
Here is a very simple procedure for self breast examination that you can use anytime to check yourself.

Breast Self-Examination.
1.Lie down and put your left arm under your head.
Use your right hand to examine your breast with your middle fingers flat, move gently in small circular motions over the entire breast checking for any lump, hard knot or thickening. Use different levels of pressure –light, medium and firm over each area of your breast. Check the whole breast from your collar bone above your breast down to the ribs, below your breast.
Switch arms and repeat on the other breast.

2.Look at your breasts while standing in front of a mirror with your hands on your hands on your hips. Look for lumps, new differences in size and shape and swelling or dimpling of the skin.

3.Raise one arm then the other so you can check under your arms for lumps.

4. Squeeze the nipple of each breast gently between your thumb and index finger. Report to your healthcare provider right away if you observe any discharge or fluid from the nipples. Any lumps or changes in your breast.

What signs should i check out for?
Check all parts of your breast, armpits up to your collarbone for changes. Which may be:

*Change in size and shape
*Redness rash on the skin/ around nipple
*Discharge(liquid) from the nipple without squeezing.
Non painful lumps /masses. Lumps and swelling under arms. Noticeable flattening /identification of breast.
*A swelling on the armpit / around collarbone.
*Constant pain in your breast/armpit that does not change with monthly cycle.
*Nipple becoming inverted (pulled in) / Changing its position or shape.
*Change in skin texture (blackening/ dimpling) like orange skin.
* Lump or thickening that feels different from the rest of the breast tissues.
* Peeling / Flaking / Scaling of the skin or breast or nipples.

Is breast cancer treatable? How is breast cancer managed?

There is HOPE for people already affected with Breast Cancer. ALL WILL BE WELL.
It is a challenge for each and everyone of us to embrace a healthy lifestyle and do routine breast cancer checkups.


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